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Gambaran dinamika percobaan bunuh diri: Analisis 234 kasus periode tahun 2016-2018 di RSUP Sanglah Denpasar

Abstract

Pendahuluan: Perilaku bunuh diri adalah masalah kesehatan masyarakat yang signifikan. Gangguan psikologis bisa menyebabkan seseorang melakukan percobaan bunuh diri.

Tujuan: Untuk mendapatkan gambaran mengenai dinamika percobaan bunuh diri pada pasien periode tahun 2016-2018.

Metode: Desain penelitian yang digunakan yaitu deskriptif dengan metode studi kasus melalui pengumpulan data dari seluruh pasien dengan percobaan bunuh diri yang tercatat dalam register Instalasi Gawat Darurat (IGD) di RSUP Sanglah Denpasar yang ditangani oleh bidang Psikiatri.

Hasil: Data tiga tahun terakhir menunjukkan jumlah kasus dengan percobaan bunuh diri sebanyak 234 kasus, dimana jumlah pasien perempuan sebanyak 156 kasus (66,7%). Hasil penelitian didapatkanjumlahpasiendenganpercobaanbunuhdiridengan diagnosis depresi terbanyak pada perempuan dengan cara peracunan diri.

Kesimpulan: Kesimpulan penelitian ini yaitu pasien membutuhkan motivasi berupa dukungan sosial.

 

Introduction: Suicidal behavior is a significant public health problem. Psychological disorders such as depression can cause a person to commit suicide.

Objective: The aim of this study was to find the dynamics characteristic of the patients with suicide attempt in 2016-2018.

Methods: The research design applied is descriptive, the case study method through the data collection from all patientsattempting suicide that were registered in Intensive Care Unit of RSUP Sanglah Denpasar handled by the poly psychiatry.

Results: The datas from last three years show the number of cases of patients attempting sucide as many as 234 cases, in which the number of female patients was 156 cases (66.7%). The result of the study shows that the number of patients attempting suicide and diagnosed with depression is mostly experienced by women by self- poisoning.

Conclusion: The conclusion of the study is the patients need motivation which is social support.

References

  1. W. H. Organization, "Global epidemiology of Suicide and suicide attempts," in Preventing suicide: a global imperative, Luxembourg, 2014, pp. 14-25.
  2. B. satu, "www.beritasatu.com," 14 September 2014. [Online]. Available: https://www.beritasatu.com/kesehatan/209155-who-angka-bunuh-diri-di-indonesia-capai-10000-per-tahun.html. [Accessed 27 May 2019].
  3. W. H. Organization, "MENTAL HEALTH PROMOTION AND PREVENTION," in Mental Health Atlas 2014, France, WHO Press, 2014, pp. 46-52.
  4. databoks, "katadata.co.id," 22 December 2016. [Online]. Available: https://databoks.katadata.co.id/datapublish/2016/12/22/jawa-tengah-provinsi-dengan-kasus-bunuh-diri-terbanyak-di-indonesia. [Accessed 28 May 2019].
  5. WHO, " Individual risk factors," in Preventing suicide: a global imperative, Luxembourg, WHO Press, 2014, pp. 40-44.
  6. M. Pompili, M. Innamorati, K. Szanto, C. D. Vittorio, Y. Conwell, D. Lester, R. Tatarelli, P. Ginardi and M. Amore, "Life events as precipitants of suicide attempts among first-time suicide attempters, reattempters, and non-attempters," Psychiatry Research, vol. 186, pp. 300-305, 2011.

How to Cite

Putriny Asih, N. W. D., & Lesmana, C. B. J. (2019). Gambaran dinamika percobaan bunuh diri: Analisis 234 kasus periode tahun 2016-2018 di RSUP Sanglah Denpasar. Medicina, 50(3). https://doi.org/10.15562/medicina.v50i3.779

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Ni Wayan Dewi Putriny Asih
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Cokorda Bagus Jaya Lesmana
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