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Status imunisasi pada anak usia di bawah 2 tahun di Puskesmas Denpasar Selatan

Abstract

Immunization is one of the most effective health protection measures for children against several diseases. The age of children under 2 years is a golden period for the growth and development of a child's immune system that is perfect, so immunization must be given to children. Based on the survey conducted at the Denpasar Public Health Center obtaining basic immunization as much as 80.97% in 2016. Characteristics of giving immunization to children is very important to be linked as an effort to improve the completeness of basic immunizations.This study aimed to study the characteristics of immunization status in children under 2 years of age who received basic immunization in the South Denpasar Health Center.Descriptive research, with cross-sectional design. The research subjects were 100 children. Data obtained by using questionnaires.A total of 100 subjects found 81% had complete basic immunization status. 58% of children are male, 55% are children 12-23 months, 67% are of good nutritional status. The level of education is 57% with high school education, 75% of mothers do not work. As many as 48% of children who visited because of illness to the puskesma more than 2 times in 1 year with the main cause was ISPA 91% and diarrhea 47%.

Immunization status of children under 2 years in the work area of ​​South Denpasar Community Health Center is mostly age-appropriate.

 

Imunisasi merupakan salah satu upaya perlindungan kesehatan yang paling efektif untuk anak-anak terhadap beberapa penyakit. Usia anak di bawah 2 tahun merupakan golden period untuk pertumbuhan dan perkembangan serta sistem kekebalan tubuh anak belum sempurna, sehingga imunisasi wajib diberikan pada anak. Berdasarkan survey yang telah dilakukan di Puskesmas Denpasar selatan didapatkan cakupan imunisasi dasar sebanyak 80,97% pada tahun 2016. Karakteristik pemberian imunisasi pada anak sangat penting untuk diketahui sebagai salah satu usaha untuk meningkatkan cakupan kelengkapan imunisasi dasar.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui karakteristik status imunisasi pada anak usia di bawah  2 tahun yang menerima imunisasi dasar di Puskesmas Denpasar Selatan.Penelitian deskriptif, dengan desain potong lintang. Subyek penelitian sebanyak 100 anak. Data didapatkan dengan menggunakan kuisioner.Sebanyak 100 subjek ditemukan 81% memiliki status imunisasi dasar lengkap. 58% anak berjenis kelamin lelaki, 55% anak berusia 12-23 bulan, 67% dengan status gizi baik. Tingkat pendidikan sebanyak 57% yang mengenyam pendidikan SMA, 75% ibu tidak bekerja.  Sebanyak 48% anak yang melalukan kunjungan oleh karena sakit ke puskesma lebih dari 2 kali dalam 1 tahun dengan penyebab utama adalah ISPA 91% dan diare 47%.Status imunisasi anak usia dibawah 2 tahun di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Denpasar selatan sebagian besar lengkap sesuai umur.

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How to Cite

Indayani, A. W., IGAN Sugitha Adnyana, & IGA Trisna Windiani, Soetjiningsih. (2021). Status imunisasi pada anak usia di bawah 2 tahun di Puskesmas Denpasar Selatan . Medicina, 52(2), 148–152. https://doi.org/10.15562/medicina.v52i2.712

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AA Wiwin Indayani
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IGAN Sugitha Adnyana
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IGA Trisna Windiani, Soetjiningsih
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