Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Gambaran audiometri pada penderita otitis media supuratif kronis di poliklinik THT-KL RSUP Sanglah tahun 2016-2017

  • Trisna Dewi ,
  • Eka Putra Setiawan ,

Abstract


 

Latar Belakang: Pandahuluan Otitis media supuratif kronis merupakan salah satu penyebab gangguan pendengaran di berbagai negara. 

Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif dengan pendekatan retrospective study. Peneliti menggunakan tehnik consecutive sampling dengan data sekunder berupa rekam medis pasien di RSUP Sanglah Denpasar dari periode Januari 2016 sampai dengan Desember 2017. 

Hasil: Dari 87 orang penderita OMSK didapatkan lelaki sebanyak 66,7% dan wanita 33,3%. Paling banyak terdapat pada kelompok umur 40-50 tahun tahun (32,2%). Berdasarkan derajat ketulian, kelompok penderita OMSK dengan derajat tuli sangat berat memiliki distribusi terkecil yaitu 6,9 % dan kelompok dengan derajat ketulian sedang memiliki distribusi yang terbesar yaitu 34,5 %. Distribusi tuli konduksi pada penelitian ini memiliki distribusi yang paling besar yaitu 54,0 %. Sedangkan kelompok tuli campuran sebesar 37,9 % dan kelompok tuli sensorineural memiliki distribusi yang lebih kecil yaitu sebesar 8,0 %. Pada penelitian ini penderita paling banyak adalah lelaki, kelompok umur 40-50 tahun. 

Kesimpulan: Distribusi terbanyak adalah kelompok OMSK dengan derajat ketulian sedang. Jenis ketulian terbanyak adalah tuli konduksi. 


Background: Cronies Superlative Otitis Media is one of the causes of hearing problems in many countries. 

Methods: The study used a retrospective descriptive research design by taking data from medical records of patients with chronic suppurated otitis media treated at Sanglah Hospital Polyclinic from January 2016 to December 2017. From 87 of CSOM patients, 66.7 % are male and 33.3% are female. 

Results: The greatest number case is in group age 40 – 50 years (32.2%). Based on degree of hearing loss severe hearing lost are the lowest distribution are 6.9 % and the highest distribution are moderate hearing loss about 34.5 %. Conduction hearing loss in this study are the highest in distribution about 54.0 %. Distribution mix hearing loss are 37.9 % and sensorineural hearing loss have the lowest frequency about 8.0 %. In this study the majority frequency in gender are male, and in age group are 40 – 50 years old. 

Conclussion: The most frequency in degree of hearing loss are moderate hearing loss, and the type of hearing loss are conduction hearing loss. 

 

References

  1. Mittal R, Lisi CV, Gering R, Mittal J, Mathe K, Narasimhan G et al. Current concepts in the pathogenesis and treatment of chronic suppurative otitis media. Journal of microbiology. 2014;64:1103 - 1116.
  2. Asroel HA, Siregar DR, Aboet A. Profil of Patient with Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media. J Kesehat Masy Nas. 2010;7(17):567-571.
  3. Hayes SH, Ding D, Salvi RJ, Allmann BL. The Anatomy and Physiology of the Ear and Hearing. Hearing medical journal. 2013;10:3 – 23.
  4. Harkare V, Dhote K, Shrimal K, Deosthale N, Dhoke P, Khadakkar S. Epidemiological study of factors influencing incidence of chronic suppurative otitis media in paediatric age group of rural population. Pannacca J med. 2017;7:35-39.
  5. Clough S. Social Science & Medicine. Soc Sci Med. 2010;1(1):1-8.
  6. Memon MA, Matiullah S, Ahmed Z MM. Frequency of un-safe chronic suppurative otitis media in patients with discharging ear. JLUMHS. 2012;1:102-105.
  7. Mohammed SI. Pattern and Degree of Hearing Loss in Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media. Bangladesh J Otorhinolarybgology. 2010;16(2):1-12.
  8. Farooqui MK, Naz R, Kumar A, Yadav M, Arora A, Malik AK. Sociodemographic Profile and Type of Hearing Loss in Csom From a Tertiary. J Evid Based Med Heal. 2016;3(2):56-60.
  9. Hasan N, Ahmed S, Zaman S, Ferdousi S. CSOM Causing Tympanic Membran Perforation and Impaired Hearing: Improved by Homeopathy. Br J Med Med Res. 2017;21(2):1-9.
  10. Muftah S, Mackenzie I, Faragher B, Brabin B. Prevalence of chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) and associated hearing impairment among school-aged children in Yemen. Oman Med J. 2015;30(5):358-365.
  11. wilsen, Satria D, Ghanie A. Gambaran Audiologi dan Temuan Intraoperatif Otitis Media Supurtif Kronis Dengan Kolesteatoma pada Anak. Pediat Rev. 2014;1(2):1-14.
  12. Kaur K, Sonkhya N, Bapna AS. Chronic Otitis Media and hearing loss is there any correlation. 2009;(1):22-36.
  13. De Azevedo AF, Pinto DCG, De Souza NJA, Greco DB, Gonçalves DU. Sensorineural hearing loss in chronic suppurative otitis media with and without cholesteatoma. Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2007;73(5):671-674.
  14. Zaidi AS . Analysis of sensorineural hearing loss in chronic suppurative otitis media. Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi. 2004;18(10):579-581.

How to Cite

Dewi, T., & Setiawan, E. P. (2019). Gambaran audiometri pada penderita otitis media supuratif kronis di poliklinik THT-KL RSUP Sanglah tahun 2016-2017. Medicina, 50(3). https://doi.org/10.15562/medicina.v50i3.609

HTML
222

Total
146

Share

Search Panel