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Distribusi penderita Otitis Media Supuratif Kronis (OMSK) berdasarkan beberapa faktor predisposisi pada siswa sekolah dasar di Kabupaten Karangasem, Provinsi Bali

Abstract

 

Latar Belakang: Otitis media supuratif kronik (OMSK) adalah peradangan sebagian atau seluruh mukoperiosteum celah telinga tengah disertai perforasi membran timpani dengan keluarnya sekret purulen atau mukopurulen yang terus menerus atau hilang timbul lebih dari dua bulan. OMSK merupakan salah satu penyebab gangguan pendengaran di negara-negara berkembang termasuk Indonesia.

Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui distribusi penderita OMSK pada Siswa SD di Kabupaten Karangasem.

Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif dengan menggunakan rancangan potong lintang (cross sectional). Sampel penelitian adalah seluruh penderita OMSK dari 4 SD di Kabupaten Karangasem yang dilakukan pemeriksaan kesehatan THT-KL pada tanggal 23 Juli dan 20 Agustus 2016.

Hasil:. Dari total 1217 siswa dari keempat SD tersebut  didapatkan sampel sebanyak 73 siswa penderita OMSK, yaitu 41 siswa laki-laki dan 32 siswa perempuan. Penderita OMSK terbanyak berusia 6 tahun yaitu 19 siswa, sedangkan yang paling sedikit adalah 9 tahun yaitu 8 siswa. Berdasarkan status ekonomi, didapatkan 40 siswa (54,80%) dengan status ekonomi miskin. Didapatkan 7 siswa (9,59%) dengan riwayat BBLR juga  didapatkan 61 siswa (83,56%) dengan status gizi baik serta 54 siswa (73,97%) yang mengalami paparan asap rokok di lingkungan tempat tinggalnya.

Kesimpulan: Distribusi penderita OMSK lebih banyak laki-laki dengan usia 6 tahun, status ekonomi miskin, tidak memiliki riwayat  BBLR, status gizi baik dan mempunyai riwayat terpapar asap rokok.



Introduction: Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) is inflammation of part or all of the mucoperiosteum in the middle ear space accompanied by tympanic membrane perforation with the release of purulent or mucopurulent secretions that persist or disappear after more than two months. CSOM is one of the causes of hearing loss in developing countries including Indonesia. This study aimed to determine the distribution of CSOM patients in elementary school students in Karangasem Regency.

Method: This study was a descriptive study using a cross-sectional design. The samples were all CSOM patients from 4 primary schools in Karangasem regency who conducted ENT health checks on July 23rd and August 20th, 2016.

Result: From a total of 1217 students from four elementary schools, 73 students with CSOM was obtained, namely 41 male students and 32 female students. Most students with CSOM are 6 years old, 19 students, while the least is 9 years, 8 students. Based on economic status, there were 40 students (54.80%) with poor financial conditions. 7 students (9.59%) with a history of LBW were also found 61 students (83.56%) with good nutritional status and 54 students (73.97%) who experienced exposure to cigarette smoke in their neighborhood.

Conclusion: The distribution of CSOM was more male with 6 years of age, poor economic status, no history of low birth weight, good nutritional status and a history of exposure to cigarette smoke.

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How to Cite

Sesarini, P. M., & Dwisaputra, K. A. D. (2019). Distribusi penderita Otitis Media Supuratif Kronis (OMSK) berdasarkan beberapa faktor predisposisi pada siswa sekolah dasar di Kabupaten Karangasem, Provinsi Bali. Medicina, 50(3). https://doi.org/10.15562/medicina.v50i3.573

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