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Profil pasien posterior capsule opacification periode 1 januari 2016 sampai 31 desember 2017 Di RSUP Sanglah Denpasar

Abstract

Pendahuluan:
Posterior capsule opacification (PCO) merupakan kekeruhan yang timbul pada kapsul posterior lensa yang semula jernih, beberapa bulan atau tahun setelah operasi katarak. Saat ini, penatalaksanaan yang efektif adalah tindakan kapsulotomi menggunakan laser Neodymium-Doped Ytrium Aluminium Garnet (ND YAG). Tindakan ini dapat menimbulkan komplikasi berupa peningkatan tekanan intra okular (TIO), glaukoma, cystoid macular edema dan retinal detachment. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperoleh profil pasien PCO periode 1 Januari 2016 sampai 31 Desember 2017 di RSUP Sanglah Denpasar.
Bahan dan Metode:
Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional dengan pendekatan studi potong lintang. Data dikumpulkan secara retrospektif berdasarkan catatan medis pasien PCO di divisi katarak dan bedah refraktif poliklinik mata RSUP Sanglah periode 1 Januari 2016 sampai 31 Desember 2017. Data mengenai profil subyek dianalisis secara deskriptif, ditampilkan sebagai frekuensi, persentase, mean dan median.
Hasil:
Selama periode 1 Januari 2016 sampai 31 Desember 2017 terdapat 91 pasien Posterior capsule opacification yang datang ke poliklinik mata RSUP Sanglah Denpasar. Mayoritas pasien yang datang adalah lelaki (60,4%), dengan mean umur 59,23±17,448 tahun, domisili terbanyak adalah Denpasar (34,1%), dengan median waktu diagnosis 12 bulan. Terdapat peningkatan yang bermakna pada best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) sebelum dan setelah tindakan kapsulotomi, namun tidak terdapat peningkatan yang bermakna pada TIO. Tidak terdapat korelasi antara selisih BCVA dengan waktu diagnosis PCO ditegakkan.

 

Introduction:

Posterior capsule opacification (PCO) is an opacification develop over a clear posterior capsule, a few month to years after uneventful cataract surgery. The most effective management is capsulotomy by applying Neodymium-Doped Ytrium Aluminium Garnet (ND YAG) laser. This may however be associated with some complication such as raised intra ocular pressure (IOP), glaucoma, cystoid macular edema, and retinal detachment. The aim of this study is to describe profile of PCO patients in the period of 1st January 2016 until 31st December 2017 at Sanglah General Hospital.
Method:
This report is an observational cross sectional study. Data were collected retrospectively from medical report of PCO patients in cataract and refractive surgery division in Eye Policlinic Sanglah General Hospital during 1st January 2016 until 31st December 2017. Patient’s profile was analyzed using descriptive analyses and presented as frequency, percentage, mean and median.
Result:
In the period of 1st January 2016 until 31st December 2017, there were 91 PCO patients who came to eye polyclinic. The majority is man (60.4%), age mean was 59.23±17.448 year, most of them live in Denpasar (34.1%), duration of diagnosis median is 12 month. There was statistically significant improvement of best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) before and after capsulotomy, but no significant raise of IOP before and after capsulotomy. There was no correlation between BCVA improvement with patient’s duration of PCO diagnosis. 

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How to Cite

Putri Widiastuti, I. A., Gede Jayanegara, I. W., Putrawati Triningrat, A. M., & Manuaba, I. P. (2019). Profil pasien posterior capsule opacification periode 1 januari 2016 sampai 31 desember 2017 Di RSUP Sanglah Denpasar. Medicina, 50(2). https://doi.org/10.15562/medicina.v50i2.460

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Ida Ayu Putri Widiastuti
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I Wayan Gede Jayanegara
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AA Mas Putrawati Triningrat
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IB Putra Manuaba
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