Risiko hipotensi ortostatik pada pasien geriatri dengan hipertensi di Desa Pedawa, Kecamatan Banjar, Kabupaten Singaraja, Propinsi Bali
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- DOI: https://doi.org/10.15562/medicina.v49i2.281  |
- Published: 2018-07-22
Orthostatic hypotension is defined as a drop in systolic blood pressure of at least 20 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure at a minimum of 10 mmHg within three minutes of standing. The incidence of orthostatic hypotensionÂ inÂ elderly individuals receiving antihypertensive therapy is of particular concern, as it may increase the risk of falling in the elderly. This research uses descriptive crossectional design, with research variables such as age, blood pressure in sleeping position, sitting, and standing. Sampling was done by consecutive sampling technique. Data obtained from the history and physical examination at Desa Padawa Hall, were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 16.0. The results showed that of 117 samples, 54 (46.2%) were male and 63 (53.8%) were female. Age range is 60 until 97 years. The prevalence of systolic orthostatic hypotension was 39 people (32.8%) and of this number, systolic hypertension was 30 (76.9%). The prevalence of diastolic orthostatic hypotension was 48 people (40.3%) and from this number, diastolic hypertension was 34 (70.8%). Obtained the conclusion of the elderly patient with hypertension is more at risk for orthostatic hypotension compared to elderly patient without hypertension.