Speech-language disorders has been a major concern among clinicians because it is often caused and accompanied by various problems, and resulting in significant implications. The underlying hearing impairment should be noted by ENT-HNS specialists, to improve its early detection and intervention program, for better final result. Data on patients with speech-language disorders at ENT-HNS clinic at Sanglah Hospital is insufficient. This study is carried out as an effort to collect basic data on the characteristics of patients with speech-language disorders whom referred to ENT-HNS clinic at Sanglah Hospital-Denpasar. Patients with speech-language disorders and complete medical records, whom referred to ENT-HNS clinic at Sanglah Hospital during the period of June 2012 to June 2013 were included in the study. The patientsâ€™ data on medical records were analyzed on several aspects, including sex, age, residence, close-related parents, prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal risk factors, and their ENT-HNS evaluation results. Most of the samples were 1-2 years old (44%) and live in rural area (63%). We found 18 patients with no wave V on ABR, 2 patients with effusion otitis media, and 1 patient with autism. Various risk factors were associated with speech and language disorders in literatures. The most common risk factors found in the study were infection during pregnancy (16%), post natal infection (12%), and kernicterus (9%), but we did not find any prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal risk factors in 67%, 81%, and 86% of the patients, respectively. Result of the study shows that there is a delay of hearing impairment evaluation due to limitation of screening program. The most common risk factor of speech-language disorders is infection, during pregnancy or after labor. Type of hearing loss we find are mostly sensorineural.
Dewi Pramusita, P., Lely Rahayu, M., & Dwi Sutanegara, S. W. (2017). CHARACTERISTICS OF PATIENTS WITH SPEECH AND LANGUAGE DISORDERS AT ENT-HNS CLINIC OF SANGLAH HOSPITAL IN THE PERIOD OF JUNE 2012-JUNE 2013. Medicina, 48(1), 54–57. https://doi.org/10.15562/medicina.v48i1.26