Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer


The function of sleep is very important and vital. Disruption in sleep latency, duration, effectiveness and satisfaction of sleep is a sign of a person experiencing insomnia. Military personnel in the Health Headquarters of Military Regional  (Makesdam) IX / Udayana has the duty burden, both physical and psychological that quite a lot, which is also prone to insomnia. Effect of  chronic insomnia can interfere with quality of life, performance and social function. It is important to study the correlation between insomnia on military personnel with their quality of life. Our study purpose is to obtain  insomnia correlation with quality of life of military personnel in the Makesdam IX/Udayana. This study is a cross-sectional design. Subject taken by consecutive sampling. Insomnia was measured with a KSPBJ Insomnia Rating Scale questionnaire, and quality of life were measured by 36-Item shortform (SF-36) questionnaire. Correlation between Insomnia with the quality of life using Spearman's test. Statistical analysis using SPSS 20.0 for windows. Result of this study involved 130 subjects, consisting of 110 men (84.6%) and 20 women (15.4%), with a mean age of 41.35±8.138 years. Insomnia as many as 55 (42%) with the distribution of 48 males (87%) and 7 women (13%). Insomnia negatively weakly correlated with quality of life  impairment in the dimension of mental health (r = -0.379) shown in the domain limitations due to emotional problems (r = -0.310), energy/vitality (r = -0.372), and mental well-being (r = -0.368), with p < 0.001.There is no correlation between insomnia with  quality of life impairment in the dimensions of physical health  (p = 0.244). Conclusions in this study, insomnia correlated with the quality of life impairment  in mental health dimension.





  1. Dahlan M.S. Besar sampel dan cara pengambilan sampel dalam penelitian kedokteran dan kesehatan. ed2. Jakarta: Salemba Medika. 2009.
  2. Dana AK. The Effect of Insomnia and Psycological Disstess on Cognitive Performance Among Veterans. [Thesis]. USA: University of Michigan; 2013.
  3. Gillin JC, Roehrs T, & Roth T. Sleep Aids and Insomnia. National Sleep Foundation. 2011. Available from
  4. Jenkinson, C., Brown, S.S., Petersen, Sophie., Paice, C. Assessment of the SF-36 version 2 in the United Kingdom. J Epidemiol Community Health, 1999.53: 46-50
  5. Kimberly S, Kara B, Jennifer WM. Key fact on Sleep and Operational Stress for Navy & USMC Leaders. Available from
  6. Lumbantobing SM, Gangguan Tidur.Jakarta: FKUI. 2004.
  7. Mysliwiec V, McGraw L, Pierce R, et al. Sleep disorders and associated medical comobidities in active duty military personnel. Journal Sleep. 2013; 36 (2):167-174.
  8. Perwitasari DA. Development the validation of Indonesian version of SF-36 questionairre in cancer disease. Indonesian J. Pharm. 2012; 23(4): 248-53.
  9. Sermin T, Nevin HS, . Specific Quality of Life Measures for Sleep Disorders. Croatia:InTech.2012. Available from:
  10. Skevington SM., Lotfy M, O'Connel KA. The World Health Organization's WHOQOL-BREF quality of life assessment: Psychometric properties and results of the international field trial: A Report from the WHOQOL Group. Quality of Life Research. 2004; 13: 299-310.
  11. Susan CB, Justin FD, Hema K, et al. Association of Insomnia with Quality of Life, Work Productivity, and Activity Impairment. Springer. 2009.
  12. Waguh WI, Kara B, Shannon T, et al. Quality of Life in Patients Suffering from Insomnia. Innov Clin Neurosc.2012; 9 (10) : 13-26.
  13. Wardah R I. Insomnia. Dalam: Hari P, Wardah RI, editors. Panduan Tata Laksana Gangguan Tidur. Ed.1. Surabaya: PERDOSSI. 2014.
  14. Wendy MT, Regina AS, Eric P, et al. Sleep In The Military. California : Rand corporation. 2015.
  15. Wheaton AG, Liu Y, Perry GS & Croft J B. Effect of short sleep duration on daily activities. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 2011 ; 60 (8) : 239-42. Available from:
  16. Yul Iskandar. Insomnia, Anxietas, dan Depresi. Dalam: psikiari Biologi,Vol II. Jakarta: Yayasan Dharma Graha.1985.
  17. Zadeh, KK., Kopple, JD., Block, G., Humphreys, MH., Association among SF36 Quality of Life Measures and Nutrition, Hospitalization, and Mortality in Hemodialysis. J AM Soc Nephrol, 2001.12: 797-806.

How to Cite

Premani, N. T. (2017). Insomnia Berkorelasi Dengan Terganggunya Kualitas Hidup Personil Militer Di Lingkungan Makesdam IX/ Udayana. Medicina, 48(3).




Search Panel