Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is an anomaly characterized by a discontinuity of the diaphragm, which allows the abdominal viscera to herniate into the chest during embryonic and fetal development. Almost certainly fatal if untreated. Hernia repair is now widely accepted and has become established as the primary treatment for CDH. There were three cases identified during six months that were diagnosed with CDH. These patients with clinical evidence of respiratory distress, radiology and laboratory evidence of CDH, need urgent surgical exploration of the hernia. These patients underwent hernia repair. All of the operations were succeeded. From the three patients undergoing hernia repair, all experienced early post-operative complications, pneumothorax and pleural effusion. These patients were received different mode of ventilation. One patient was died, while the others were survived. The prognosis of these patients were poor without hernia repair.
Keywords: congenital diaphragmatic hernia, hernia repair, children